Common Law Admission Test is a centralised test for admission to 18 prominent National Law Universities in India, recent entrant is Maharashtra National Law University.
Common Law Admission Test (CLAT) is conducted on a rotational basis by 18 National Law Universities (NLUs) in India. Candidates need to clear CLAT in order to secure admission in BA LLB (Hons), BSc LLB (Hons), BBA LLB (Hons), BSW LLB (Hons), BCom LLB (Hons) and LLM programmes on offer at the 18 NLUs. On the basis of a candidate’s score in CLAT exam, he/she can secure admission to fill 632 LLM seats and 2352 LLB seats.
Common Law Admission Test (CLAT) is a non-statutory body created under a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) for the convenience of the students seeking admission to various National Law Universities in the country. An entrance test is conducted to provide a list of candidates on the basis of ‘merit-cum-preference’ to each University for admission to their Under-Graduate (UG)/ Post-Graduate (PG) programmes, as per the eligibility, reservation and other criteria laid down under the respective statutes of the participating Universities.
The Common Law Admission Test (CLAT), is an all India common entrance examination, conducted on rotational basis by 18 National Law Universities (NLUs) for admissions to their UG and PG degree programmes. The 18 participating NLUs in the order of their year of establishment are:
- National Law School of India University (NLSIU), Bengaluru.
- National Academy of Legal Study and Research (NALSAR) University of Law, Hyderabad.
- National Law Institute University (NLIU), Bhopal.
- West Bengal National University of Juridical Sciences (NUJS), Kolkata.
- National Law University (NLU), Jodhpur.
- Hidayatullah National Law University (HNLU), Raipur.
- Gujarat National Law University (GNLU), Gandhinagar.
- Dr. Ram Manohar Lohiya National Law University (RMLNLU), Lucknow.
- Rajiv Gandhi National University of Law (RGNUL), Punjab.
- Chanakya National Law University (CNLU), Patna.
- National University of Advanced Legal Studies (NUALS), Kochi
- National Law University Odisha (NLUO), Cuttack
- National University of Study and Research in Law (NUSRL), Ranchi.
- National Law University and Judicial Academy (NLUJA), Assam.
- Damodaram Sanjivayya National Law University (DSNLU), Visakhapatnam.
- Tamil Nadu National Law School (TNNLS), Tiruchirappalli.
- Maharashtra National Law University (MNLU), Mumbai.
- Maharashtra National Law University (MNLU), Nagpur.
ELIGIBILITY UG PROGRAMME :
Under-Graduate Programme offered by the National Law Universities The eighteen NLUs offer five-year integrated Under-Graduate Law Courses leading to the award of a degree in Law as per their respective nomenclature.
Eligibility Criteria for UG Programme in CLAT-2018
- .(i) Candidates shall be below Twenty (20) Years of age as on 1st July 2018 in case of all Unreserved/NRIs/NRI Sponsored categories candidates.
(ii) Candidates shall be below Twenty Two (22) years of age as on 1st July 2018 in case of SC/ST/ OBC/Specially Abled Persons (SAP) category candidates.
- As regards minimum percentage of marks in qualifying examination (i.e., 10+2), the candidates must have secured:
(i) Forty five percent (45%) marks in case of candidates belonging to Unreserved /OBC /Specially Abled Persons (SAP) and other categories, and
(ii) Forty Percent (40%) marks in case of candidates belonging to SC/ST categories.
- Candidates who are appearing in the qualifying examination in March/April 2018 are also eligible for appearing in CLAT-2018 online examination. However, they shall be required to produce an evidence of their passing the qualifying
examination at the time of admission, failing which they shall lose their right to be considered for admission.
- The result of qualifying examination (i.e., 10+2) shall be submitted by the candidate at the time of admission failing which the candidate shall be ineligible for admission to the Course.
- In case of equal marks, the breaking of tie shall be by the following procedure and order as under:
(i) Higher marks in the section of legal aptitude in CLAT-2018 exam.
(ii) Higher age.
(iii) Computerised draw of lots.
APPLICATION FEES :
EXAM DATES :
EXAM PATTERN :
Refer to the LST material, Competition Success Review and the Universal Guide and also read the newspapers regularly. Newspaper would help, if you read it properly and daily.
How to attempt questions in different sections on CLAT 2018 Exam Day
We have also compiled some tips to score well in each section of CLAT exam. Go through these tips and tricks and you will surely perform well in CLAT 2018.
CLAT 2018: English Section
The exam is sure to have atleast one comprehension passage. Go through the reading comprehension quickly and develop an idea of what it is all about. After this, start reading the questions and go back to the comprehension section where you feel the answer for that specific question is and answer it. Grammar and spellings related questions take very less time. So, it is advisable to attempt them first. Questions on Para jumbles are extremely scoring and so in the English section you should attempt such question first.
CLAT 2018: General Knowledge Section
This is the section where students can solve each question in less than a minute. Thus, here candidates can build time to solve the rest of the exam sections. Also, if one is not sure of answers of any questions in this section then they should them for review and come back to them after solving all the other questions in the paper.
Note: Questions on current affairs would be from April’2017 to March’2018 duration.
CLAT 2018: Mathematics Section
Question in the Maths section are mostly from Class 9 and Class 10 syllabus. At any point, if you are not able to solve any question then simply skip such a question.
CLAT 2018: Logical Reasoning Section
In this section, read each question carefully and further make sure that you read each and every answer option also very carefully. Questions in this section are mostly on quantitative ability and analytical reasoning based on logic.
CLAT 2018: Legal Aptitude Section
Read the questions in this section very carefully and try to grasp the key points of the statements presented to you. This will help candidates in scoring well in the Legal Aptitude section of CLAT exam. The difficulty level of the exam is not too high. Thus, CLAT is more of a speed test. Aspirants are advised to formulate their exam day strategy by keeping their strengths and weaknesses in mind and thereafter utilising their strengths to the maximum in order to score well in the exam.
Since there is limited time remaining, you should plan your attack on the syllabus carefully. Not all parts of the syllabus are equal. Some parts are easier than others, and yet more questions are asked from them, increasing your chances of scoring higher marks. A few examples of such topics are:
- UN Bodies (GK)
- Important Awards (Current Affairs)
- Legal Maxims (Legal Aptitude)
- Criminal Law questions (Legal Aptitude)
- Direction Problems (Logical Reasoning)
- Blood Relations (Logical Reasoning)
- Ratio and Proportion (Mathematics)
- Percentages (Mathematics)
- Cloze Test (English)
- Idioms and Phrases (English)
These are topics where you can score marks easily in Common Law Admission Test (CLAT) without having to put in too much effort. By no means should you limit your study to them! For the remaining syllabus, here are some strategies you can use to prepare in the most effective fashion:
- GK and Current Affairs – this is an ocean, and there is no limit to the amount you can study here. We have seen several students making the mistake of studying from UPSC-level books or going through all the NCERT textbooks of Class VI to X. Neither of these is necessary, nor is it practical in the remaining time to go through such a vast volume of material. Again, it would be much better to sign up for a good coaching programme and study along with what is taught in the classes there. Remember, even the best student would not be able to correctly answer more than 70-80% of the GK / Current Affairs portion, simply because it is so large and undefined
- Legal Aptitude – this is an interesting part of the syllabus and something most students are able to understand and appreciate. Also, it accounts for a large number of marks in CLAT. So definitely don’t ignore this portion. By spending a little bit of time and solving a few model questions, you can very quickly convert this part of the paper into a high-scoring section. CLAT is also known for repeating a few favourite situations year after year in Criminal Law and Law of Contract, so make sure you are covering those. Legal Maxims is another section where it is possible to score easy marks – all it requires is for you to understand the Latin phrases being used. There are usually about 5 questions on Legal Maxims
- Logical Reasoning (LR) – if you are finding a certain topic hard to study or understand, it might be better to skip it. There are a few easy and high-scoring topics in LR that we have found most students understand easily. You should definitely score well on these topics. We have outlined them in the list above. In a given topic, remember to practice all the different variants of questions that have been asked in the exam
- Mathematics – CLAT has shown a trend of giving increasingly difficult questions in Mathematics, even introducing a couple of new topics in the 2015 paper, such as Permutations & Combinations and Probability. Our advice at this late juncture to students would be to not get worried by this – such questions will not be more than 3-5 in the entire paper. Instead, focus on the traditional favourites such as Time, Speed & Distance, Time & Work, Ratio & Proportions etc. These are sure to come and are not very difficult to master. Each of them has only one basic formula, and all questions that are asked can be solved using that formula
- English – Reading Comprehension is going to form the bulk of the marks in this section, but do not neglect the easy marks that can be scored in Idioms & Phrases. Many students, even those with poor vocabulary, find this topic easy because several times the idioms are self-explanatory.
Books to read for different sections of CLAT 2018
English including Comprehension : (Click on respective links to view why you should study this book)
- Word Power Made Easy Paperback – 2015 by Norman Lewis
- Objective General English Paperback – 15 Mar 2017 by R S Aggarwal, Vikas Aggarwal
- High School English Grammar & Composition (English) by P C Wren, H Martin
- A Modern Approach to Verbal & Non-Verbal Reasoning-15 March 2017 by R S Aggarwal
General Knowledge and Current Affairs : (Click on respective links to view why you should study this book)
- Manorama Yearbook 2017 (English)
- General Knowledge 2018 by Manohar Pandey
- Lucents Objective General Knowledge – 2015 by Sanjiv Kumar
- General Knowledge Digest by Editorial Board : Pratiyogita Darpan
- The Pearson Concise General Knowledge Manual 2018 by Edgar Thorpe & Showick Thorpe
- Year Book 2017 by Competition Success Review (CSR)
Elementary Mathematics (Numerical Ability) : (Click on respective links to view why you should study this book)
- Quantitative Aptitude for Competitive Examinations by R S Aggarwal
- Maths 30 Days Wonder by Khurana K.J.S., Markanday R
Legal Aptitude : (Click on respective links to view why you should study this book)
- Legal Awareness and Legal Reasoning For the CLAT and LL.B. Entrance Examinations by A. P. Bhardwaj
- Wiley’s ExamXpert Legal Awareness & Legal Reasoning (LA & LR) for CLAT & other Law Entrance Exams by Amandeep Rajgotra & Danish Hasnain
Logical Reasoning : (Click on respective links to view why you should study this book)
- A Modern Approach to Logical Reasoning by R S Aggarwal
- Analytical Reasoning (English) by M K Pandey
Other Books : (Click on respective links to view why you should study this book)
Apart from the books mentioned above, aspirants should also consider going through some mock tests as well as previous years’ question papers for CLAT so that they can understand the exam pattern for this law entrance test better.
- Pearson Education’s Guide to the CLAT 2017 (Common Law Admission Test) by Harsh Gadrani For AILET, SET, LSAT & Other Law Entrance Exams
- TPG to CLAT 2e by Gagrani
- Universal’s Guide to CLAT & LL.B. Entrance Examination by Manish Arora
- Pearson CLAT Companion (CLAT Guide by Gagrani and Solved Papers by Bhardwaj) by Gagrani Harsh, A. P. Bhardwaj
- Study Package for CLAT and LLB by A.P. Bhardwaj
- The Complete Success Package – CLAT (Common Law Admission Test) 2017 by Arihant Experts and Seventh
- CLAT Solved & Previous Year Paper 2e by Bhardwaj
Best books for CLAT 2018 preparation- Business magazines for CLAT 2018
- Business Today by India Today Group
- Business Line by the Hindu Group
- India today
- Competition Success